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This is an introduction to Juvenile Justice in America. In Pakistan, economic causes are of more significance than the rest of the world because the economy of Pakistan is weak which is the main reason of poverty also difference between rich and poor is so huge. Juvenile justice in Pakistan deals with crimes committed by Pakistani children. In 1704, Pope Clement XI has introduced a practice called ‘profligate youth’ to ensure that youth will become useful individuals to the society. This is one of the major causes of juvenile crime, particularly violent juvenile crime. For understanding juvenile delinquency, it is important to define juvenile. Throughout all time there has been delinquency. In these areas, law concerning juvenile offenders first appeared in written forms. The presence of illegal drug markets increases the likelihood for violence at the points where drugs are exchanged for money (Haller, 1989). Another factor positively correlated with juvenile delinquency is a teen’s regular exposure to violence. History of Juvenile Delinquency . Juvenile crimes are mentioned as far back as ancient Sumerian and Hammurabi (“About…”). The rise in violent juvenile crime during the 1980s has been attributed to the increase in drug markets, particularly open-air markets for crack cocaine (Blumstein, 1995; National Research Council, 1993). A: Social inequality is a wide-spread phenomenon. Exposure to violence takes many forms: abuse at the hands of a parent or another household member, or witnessing domestic violence between two other household members. The Juvenile Delinquency Prevention and Control Act - 1968. In 1968 Congress passed the Juvenile Delinquency Prevention and Control Act. Median response time is 34 minutes and may be longer for new subjects. The act was designed to encourage states to develop plans and programs that would work on a community level to discourage juvenile delinquency. The minimum age for criminal responsibility in Pakistan is seven years. One of the most important reasons for juvenile delinquency is an economic cause. These falling crime rates have led many jurisdictions to rethink the punitive juvenile justice practices that became popular in the 1980s and 1990s. This figure, however, excludes thousands of under trials whose number is unknown. Before delving into the merits of JJSA, it is first important to highlight the legal challenges that arose out of … Since the 1990s, youth crime rates have plummeted. According to Ukris (2004), “Juvenile delinquency refers to the behavior of non-adults which violates the rules and regulations set by the government or society”. Globally, there is no consensus over the definition of juvenile. The history of juvenile delinquency was dated back in 1700s. 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