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2. He will flee.—Or, he shall flee. It is wrong to speak like that. 2. The text is another proof of the personality of Satan; no amount of figures of speech could otherwise interpret it. ?—More correctly thus. James 4:10, ESV: "Humble yourselves before the Lord, and he will exalt you." 2 My brothers, 1 w show no partiality as you hold the faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, x the Lord of glory. 4:11-17 Our lips must be governed by the law of kindness, as well as truth and justice. But he — God, giveth more grace — To all those who, while they shun those tempers, sincerely and earnestly pray for it. We have the law of God, which is a rule to all; let us not presume to set up our own notions and opinions as a rule to those about us, and let us be careful that we be not condemned … . “Let us not weakly slide into the treason: Whosoever therefore will be (or, wills to be) a friend of the world is the enemy of God.—The choice is open; here is no iron fate, no dread necessity: but the wrong determination of the soul constitutes it henceforth as an ally of Satan. We must listen to God. Paul uses the … The Scriptural referent is uncertain. . James 4. He has “no pleasure in the death of him that dieth” (Ezekiel 18:32). ?—The tone of the Apostle is changed to one of appeal, which, perhaps (but see below), may be rendered thus: Suppose ye that the Scripture saith in vain, The (Holy) Spirit that dwelleth in us jealously regards us as His own? Patience Until the Lord's Coming. in shameful contrast to this we read of many an evil-hearted prayer offered up to the Lord our Righteousness; invocations of saints for help in unholy deeds; of angels, for acts rather befitting devils of the pit; and can hardly have the conscience to reproach the heathen for supplicating their gods in no worse a manner for no better cause. At the end of what has been considered the second portion of this Epistle, there is a last series of rebukes. . James 4:4, ESV: "You adulterous people!Do you not know that friendship with the world is enmity with God? You just want to use these things to make yourselves happy. (10) Humble yourselves . 14 You do not really know what will happen tomorrow. If we say bad things about God's word or about his people, we are being like the Devil. ), Able to save and to destroy.—Life and death, salvation and utter destruction, seem to be placed in intentional contrast here. Occasions of well-doing lie in the abject at our doors, and the pleadings of pity in our very hearts. So, you fight and you quarrel with each other. You speak as if you have the power to make it happen. Is it not this, that your passions 1 are y at war within you? As noted in the introduction, James here included a series of blunt, power-packed exhortations, running through James 4:10. Email. (1) From whence come wars . (See Analysis of Contents.) You should know that! You even kill other people. Sinful desires and affections stop prayer, and the working of our desires toward God. He wants very much to keep us for himself.’ 6 But God will be very kind to us and he will help us. So you argue and fight. . v, 4), even the promised comfort of God. James.). instead of saying, “If the Lord will”. Resist the devil [stand firm against him], and he will flee from you. This commentary also deals with the Bible text literally as a love song but it is in simpler English. You do not have, because you do not ask. Suppose ye that the Scripture speaketh in vain? But who shall come “into the tabernacle of God, or rest upon His holy hill” (Psalms 15:1), except the man “of uncorrupt life”? Know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God?—i.e., the state of being an enemy to God, not one of simpler enmity with Him. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 4:1-10 Since all wars and fightings come from the corruptions of our own hearts, it is right to mortify those lusts that war in the members. This is a valid way to outline this section. . Isaiah: God controls the Nations - by Norman Hillyer. We must do good things. 2 Peter 2:14, specially the margin. "Commentary on James 4:4". 4 You are turning away from God, like a wife who has sex with other men. It must, however, be noted that a slightly varied punctuation of the verse will give quite another sense to its questioning. We learn the converse to the evil of vainglory in life, namely, the good which may be wrought by every one. Yet you do not have because you do not ask. The expression "ye sinners" coming right in the middle of this ( James 4:8 ) forbids referring this particular paragraph to Christians, the unmodified designation "sinners" not being an appropriate address for members of the body of Christ to whom the whole letter is written. James wrote to help them. You lust and do not have. You are giving yourself authority to decide what the Law says. Lust, envy, strife, and murder:—like the tale of human passion in all ages, the dreadful end draws on. Many commentators have been puzzled to say whence the words came which are quoted as authoritative by St. James. James 4 is included in this fourth subdivision. He wrote to encourage them to live asChristians should, i… Many subjects are handled quickly and succinctly in the book. Warning Against Worldliness. 2 2 You desire and do not have, so you murder. (16) But now . We will stay there for a year. Stop laughing and instead be sad. 2 You want to have something for yourself, but you do not get what you want. Give Yourselves to God. Font Size. Only he can decide to save people or to destroy them. Warning Against Worldliness. Song of Songs: The Beautiful Woman behind the Veil - by Sarah Ruth. They come from the selfish desires that make war inside you. Then he will lift you up to a good place. … James says ‘Hello’. And thus it is that omission is at times worse than commission; and more souls are in jeopardy for things left undone than for things done. James 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this volume commentary on the Bible is highly regarded for his very prudent and judicious expositions But the burden of this hateful depravity drove of old men like Lucretius to suicide rather than endurance; and its mantle of despair is on all the religions of India at the present time—matter itself being held to be evil, and eternal. But the *apostles and leaders of the church did notgo. That is why the Bible says, ‘God is against those people who think that they are important. .—How different is the case with you, cries St. James; you actually glory and delight in your own self-confidence and presumption, and every such rejoicing is evil. (Exhaustive notes, with references to most authorities, are in Alford; or an easy summary of the matter may be read in Plumptre’s St. James 4:10 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] James 4:10, NIV: "Humble yourselves before the Lord, and he will lift you up." Wordly and fleshly lusts are distempers, which will not allow content or satisfaction. It is related to the improper use of the tongue as in chapter 3. The word for “boastings” is the same as that translated “the pride of life” in 1 John 2:16—i.e., its braggart boastfulness, not the innocent gladness of living. . There cannot be a passive condition to the faith of Christ: “he that is not with Me is against Me” (Matthew 12:30). As a result, we will be able to do the things … Probably both ideas are correct. But you do not have these things because you do not ask God for them. Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. I am a servant of God and the Lord Jesus Christ. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. “Woe unto you, when all men speak well of you” (Luke 6:26), for the world, as our Lord has taught us, must “love its own” (John 15:19). (1-3) Reasons for strife in the Christian community. Is it not this, that your passions are at war within you? (5) Do ye think . Wordly and fleshly lusts are distempers, which will not allow content or satisfaction. Used by Permission. When you do that, you are not obeying the Law. . He that speaketh evil . (But) resist the devil.—The hardest advice of all, to a man reliant on himself, is submission to any, more especially to the Unknown. . You covet and cannot obtain, so you fight and quarrel. The Jerome Biblical Commentary outlines these verses as (1) root causes of conflict (James 4:1-6) and (2) remedies (James 4:7-10) (p. 374). But “to take the law into one’s own hands” is to break it, and administer inequitably. Genesis 2:7 for the inbreathing of the Spirit, with any such chapter as Deuteronomy 32 for His jealous inquisition. In “The Beautiful Legend” there is a strife between the call of duty to give out a dole of bread to the hungry, and the temptation to linger in religious ecstasy over a vision of Christ. . But, as a correlative to this, the Apostle shows where pride may become a stimulant for good, viz., in contest with the Evil One. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 4:1-10 Since all wars and fightings come from the corruptions of our own hearts, it is right to mortify those lusts that war in the members. Surely, the penitent as well; the murderous hands “which all the perfumes of Arabia will not sweeten,” the hearts polluted with the most abominable lusts, may and must be cleansed; sinners and double-minded (refer to James 1:8) though they be, and both in one, the Lord of mercy will “draw nigh” to them, if they to Him: all their “transgressions shall not be mentioned,” they “shall live and not die” (Ezekiel 18:21-22). Verse 2 . Stop doing wrong things. If you speak against another believer, you are really speaking against God's Law. He traces the conflict raging around him to the fount and origin of evil within. “I,” said He by Ezekiel (Ezekiel 14:4), “will answer him that cometh to Me, according to his idols.” What greater curse could fall than an eternity of avarice to the miser, of pollution to the sensual, of murder to the violent? A large number of the Christians had left *Jerusalem and had goneto live in other countries. Then we can receive God’s *grace. 4. (9) Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep.—For wretchedness, sorrow, and tears are the three steps of the homeward way to peace and God. Admit you do pray for the good things you want, or, though you pray for them. .—Excepting “God,” instead of “Lord,” this is an exact quotation from the LXX. James 4:3. 5 With good reason, the Bible says to us: ‘God has caused his Spirit to live in us. 3 Even when you do ask God, you do not receive anything. You choose to be friends with people who are against God. But if you know that and you do not do the right thing, then you have done a wrong thing. 8 Come near to God and he will come near to you. 1 Do you know where your fights and arguments come from? 10 Think about yourselves as small in front of the Lord God. If we only want to make ourselves happy, God will not hear us. 11 My Christian friends, do not say bad things against each other. Whence are wars, and whence fightings among you? 2 You desire and do not have, so you murder. God resisteth the proud . The thought of annihilation meets us with awful suggestiveness, yet let us leave the mystery for awhile in happier thought—, (13) Ye that say . 1905. Read James 4 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). In this way the cumulative force of St. James’s remarks is best preserved. Warning Against Worldliness. .—Translate, come they not hence, even from your lusts warring in your members? As James poses (in 4:4) the third question of this section, I paraphrase it in order to display the heart of the matter... View the entire commentary. Safety is only to be found in our Lord’s own manner of petition, “Not my will, but Thine be done” (Luke 22:42). (Comp. Where do wars and fights come from among you? Thus many understand these expressions, because God himself represented his relation to the Jews as his people under the idea of a marriage, and because the prophets, in conformity to that idea, represented the idolatry of the Jews as adultery. Click the link below for in depth comments on this verse. We used to be God’s enemies (James 4:4). You don’t get what you want because you don’t ask God. Happily the Christian philosopher understands this; and with the very cry of wretchedness, “Who shall deliver me?” can answer, “I thank God, through Jesus Christ our Lord” (Romans 7:24-25). You covet and cannot obtain, so you fight and quarrel. English Standard Version Update. “God is the Lord and husband of every soul that is His;” and in her revolt from Him, and love for sin, her acts are those of an adulterous woman. Part of the reason for this is that James is like Proverbs in that many of its verses really stand alone in their content. You do not have because you do not ask God." 15 So, what you ought to say is, ‘If the Lord agrees and we are still alive, then we will do this or that.’ 16 But instead, you talk about what you have decided to do. Bibliography InformationEllicott, Charles John. That is because you ask for the wrong reason. James 4:2, ESV: "You desire and do not have, so you murder. He, as the author and conveyer of all good gifts, in their mystic seven-fold order (Isaiah 11:2) adds to the wasted treasure, and so aids the weakest in his strife with sin, resisting the proud, lest he be led to destruction (Proverbs 16:18), and helping the humble, lest he be “wearied and faint in his mind” (Hebrews 12:3). Authority to judge whether people have done in all ages, the good may! The selfish desires that make war inside you. can receive God ’ s grace. No amount of figures of speech could otherwise interpret it more grace—i.e. because! 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