Name Search > ! Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. The common name is Coontie or Koonti, derived from the Seminole Native American language conti hateka. Description: Zamia integrifolia is a small clumping, tough, woody cycad. The fleshy seed coat must be removed to start germination. The plant can regulate the mutualistic interaction by making the seed-bearing strobilis poisonous to these larvae. Other common names include: Coontie palm This small ancient cycad supports an endangered butterfly so planting it in mass as a groundcover will help this butterfly though the plants may suffer from larval feeding. Flower colour; life form. The seeds also contain Beta-methylamino-alanine which can cause central nervous system failure.[8]. [5] By the late 1880s, several mills in the Miami area started to produce Florida arrowroot until their demise after the World War 1. Distribution & Habitat: Widely distributed throughout south-eastern USA (Georgia, and Florida), western Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Cayman Islands. Georgia to Florida, Bahamas, Cuba, Cayman Islands. This cycad produces reddish seed cones with a distinct acuminate tip. The Florida Arrowroot, or Zamia integrifolia, is a fantastic shrubby cycad from the Southern United States and Caribbean Islands. … The Annual Photo Contest voting is over. Syn: Zamia floridana A. de Candolle; Z. silvicola Small; Z. umbrosa Small (Landry 1993). They often recover nicely. The plant has critical importance to the Eumaeus atala butterfly. Over time, it forms a multi-branched cluster, with a large, tuberous root system, which is actually an extension of the above-ground stems. Genus recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. The female cones are elongate-ovoid and grow to 5–19 cm long and 4–6 cm in diameter. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Zamia integrifolia produces reddish seed cones with a distinct acuminate tip. Reference taxon from Catalogue of Life in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. It is similar in many respects to Zamia pumila, but with slightly narrower and untuntheed leaflets. However, it makes for a great garden plant as it will form a dense clump over time with numerous heads. This zone is transversed and connected by elongated Zamia cells. Zamia. [13], The cones, also called strobilus, of Z. floridana are dioecious. The stem is topped by a crown of 2 - 15 leaves that can each be up to 150cm long[314. The pinnate leaves, that are often more than 1 m long, emerge in a rosette from a thick fleshy trunk. They are often revolute, with prickly petioles. Zamia integrifolia : Source: Gymnosperms of North America Update, database (version 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Zamia integrifolia : Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Seed or division information: The fleshy seed coat must be removed to start germination. The leaves are 20–100 cm long, with 5-30 pairs of leaflets (pinnae). Leaves from 0.6 to 1.5m long, dark green. !Zamia integrifolia L. f. Choose Project. Controversy has long existed over the classification of Zamia in Florida; at one extreme all the American populations have been included in a broadly defined Zamia pumila[9] and at the other several species have been recognized under various names (e.g., Z. augustifolia, Z. floridana, Z. silvicola, and Z. umbrosa). Kuntze Palmifolium integrifolium (L.f.) Kuntze ... Zamia integrifolia A.Gray Common names Florida arrowroot in English coontie in English Bibliographic References. Common Name: Leaves Photograph by: Jpaganpr. [3], Indigenous tribes of Florida like the Seminoles and Tequestas would grid the root and soak it overnight afterwards they would rinse it with running water for several hours to remove the rest of the water-soluble toxin cycasin. Zami integrifolia is a low growing, attractive, shrubby cycad which creates a rounded clump form of rich green, multi-branched foliage. A source of starch for Native Americans. This cycad produces reddish seed cones with a distinct acuminate tip. Zamia pumila is also often confused with zamia integrifolia, but the two are different Zamia species. Zamia integrifolia specimen at Montgomery Botanical Center in Miami, Florida [3], This is a low-growing plant, with a trunk that grows to 3–25 cm high, but is often subterranean. Common names; Ecology; Parasites; Nitrogen-fixation; Reproduction; Multiple cones; Pollination; References; External links; Zamia integrifolia produces reddish seed cones with a distinct acuminate tip. [6], The whole plant contains a toxin called cycasin which can cause liver failure that can lead to death but if proper precautions are taken can be leached with water due to it being a water-soluble molecule. Two names, Florida arrowroot and wild sago, refer to the former commercial use of this species as the source of an edible starch. Two names, Florida arrowroot and wild sago, refer to the former commercial use of this species as the source of an edible starch. [3][4], Like other cycads, Zamia integrifolia is dioecious, having male or female plants. They then carry over these pollen into the female cones, which becomes pollinated. This plant has several common names. The last method is when "adventitious buds appear in the cortical tissue closely connected with the stelar system of the trunk, and these buds continue their development like typical stems. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. It forms a symbiotic relationship with nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria, which live in specialized roots called coralloid roots and are green in color despite not actively photosynthesizing. Dioecious plants. Based upon the current taxonomic scrutiny, as listed by the Catalog of Life, Zamia integrifolia is the accepted name, with Z. floridana (thin-leaf form) and Z. umbrosa (wide-leaf form) listed as synonyms. This sago-like plant makes an excellent container plant for the garden. Larval host for atala butterfly (Eumaeus atala florida) and the echo moth (Sierarctia echo). Although the female cones are not consumed, there have been evidences of healed scars due to punctation in the interior of the cone, which are suspected to be caused by weevils.[18]. They also have a velvety texture, and only grow up to 6 inches. The resulting powder than could be used to make a bread-like substance. Processed flour made from the root is not toxic and is made into bread and spaghetti. The most common form of development is the rapid formation of cone domes on the plant's sympodium, which is its main axis. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). Florida's Native Indians and Settlers Did", "Coontie Palm Poisoning in Dogs - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Recovery, Management, Cost", "Zamia spp Zamia cycads. These plants may resemble ferns or small palms but they are a type of gymnosperm known as a cycad. Synonymy: Numerous; see The Cycad Pages Distribution: Southeastern Geogia, Florida, Bahamas Common name: Coontie Conservation status: Not threatened English. Cairns, Townsville. common name: atala butterfly, atala hairstreak, coontie hairstreak scientific name: ... coontie (Zamia integrifolia Linnaeus. Zami integrifolia is a low growing, attractive, shrubby cycad which creates a rounded clump form of rich green, multi-branched foliage. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Also used as an ingredient in Animal Crackers. Stem cuttings from the underground fleshy stem can be used to create new plants. English. This cycad produces reddish seed cones with a distinct acuminate tip. Culture: Eckenwalder, J. E. 1980. : ZADE: Zamia debilis Aiton: ZAFL2: Zamia floridana A. Whole Plant Traits: Plant Type: Poisonous Shrub Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics: Broadleaf Evergreen Habit/Form: Clumping Growth Rate: Slow Maintenance: Low; Cultural Conditions: Light: [15] Coralloid roots are just like lateral roots, but highly specialized to contain cyanobacteria. P. floridana pollinates the plants by using the pollen-bearing strobili as food for its larvae, transporting the pollen with it. 16(2): 544 (1868), nom. Vote HERE are your winners and runners-up! The butterfly, thought extinct until recently, is dependent for its survival on the Zamia integrifolia, as well as several other species of Zamia. nud.] Zamia integrifolia L.f. (Z. floridana) is a shrub-like herb with a fleshy underground stem. Coontie (or koonti) is derived from the Seminole Native American language conti hateka. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to This plant has several common names. [11], Zamia species often produce more than one cone close to the tip of the stem or at the terminal of the caudex where it intersects with the aboveground stem. Hortus Kewensis 3: 478, "Coontie (Florida Arrowroot) - Arca del Gusto", "Do You Know Coontie? Common Name Zamia integrifolia (Z. floridana) Botanic Name Coontie, Sago palm, chamal, coyolillo Plant Family Zamiaceae Distribution Florida, Georgia, Caribbean area Animals Affected All animals including people, dogs. Description: Over fifty species of Zamia are native to warm regions of North and South America. Historical notes: Zamia integrifolia is more commonly labeled as Z. floridana in the older literature particularly that concerning anatomy, morphology and life cycles. Zamia integrifolia Furnas 2015.jpg 4,330 × 3,248; 4.28 MB Zamia Integrifolia in Liberec Botanical Garden DSC 0243.jpg 469 × 387; 167 KB Zamia integrifolia kz01.jpg 2,608 × 3,478; 1.84 MB Native Introduced Native and Introduced N.C. ... Coontie thrives in dry, upland areas where wildfires are common. Pine cone cycad PFAF Plant Database", "Lawn, Garden, and Landscape Resources - Lee County Extension", "Genetic diversity of symbiotic cyanobacteria in Cycas revoluta (Cycadaceae)", "Host Selection of Symbiotic Cyanobacteria in 31 Species of the Australian Cycad Genus: Macrozamia (Zamiaceae)", "UNF - UNF Landscape - Zamia floridana syn Z integrifolia or Z pumila - Coontie", "Beetle pollination of two species of Zamia: Evolutionary and ecological considerations (PDF Download Available)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zamia_integrifolia&oldid=996262553, Articles with dead external links from April 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 14:02. This species has often been misidentified as Zamia pumila L., a species that occurs in the Caribbean but is not found in Florida Populations are presently limited to Florida, southeastern Georgia, central Cuba and the Dominican Republic. Taxonomy of the West Indian cycads. Coontie (or koonti) is derived from the Seminole Native American language conti hateka. Female cones are usually borne singularly, whereas male cones grow in groups or clusters. It prefers well-drained, sandy, moist soils with or without organic matter though it does grow better in more nutrient-dense soils. Common name(s) Cardboard plant, Cardboard palm, Jamaican sago tree. "[16], Z. floridana plants are pollinated by two species of weevils, Rhopalotria slossoni and Pharaxonotha floridana. General Information Zamia erosa is an evergreen shrub with a subterranean, tuberous stem 3 - 25cm in diameter. The stems and leaves regenerate after the cold period subsides with full foliage. DC., Prodr. Were Zamia integrifolia illegitimate, the later Z. floridana would succeed. Description. Symbol Scientific Name; ZAAN2: Zamia angustifolia Jacq. Zamia floridana (syn. Synonymy: Numerous; see The Cycad Pages Distribution: Southeastern Geogia, Florida, Bahamas Common name: Coontie Conservation status: Not threatened In the US it is native to the States of Florida and Georgia. Zamia integrifolia is a small, tough, woody cycad native to the southeast United States (Florida, Georgia), the Bahamas, Cuba, the Cayman Islands, Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti), and Puerto Rico. Zamia integrifolia inhabits a variety of habitats with well-drained sands or sandy loam soils. They can reach a length of 7 inches. [17] On the other hand, R. slossoni does not consume the pollen, but rather, takes shelter in male cones where they become dusted with pollen. DC. Pale; shrub. The leaves are 20-100 cm long, with 5-30 pairs of leaflets (pinnae). In the US it is native to the States of Florida and Georgia. f.), is used in butterfly gardens or as an ornamental plant in landscapes. Zamia integrifolia Name Synonyms Encephalartos pruniferus Sweet Palmifolium floridanum (A.DC.) It is drought tolerant and tolerates salt spray. Florida arrowroot, coontie (English), conti hateka (Seminole) (Landry 1993).Taxonomic notes. Zamia Species: pumila Family: Zamiaceae Life Cycle: Woody Country Or Region Of Origin: Greater Antillies, Florida Distribution: FL, GA Wildlife Value: Larval host to the Atala butterfly. Adult moths that appeared morphologically similar to species in the genus Anatrachyntis (Lepidoptera: Cosmopterigidae) were observed emerging from male cones of Zamia integrifolia (Zamiaceae) collected in Coral Gables, Florida, USA, during Dec 2014 at a time when the cones were releasing pollen. 1-2 seeds can be fatal. Common Name: Zamia cycads. Zamia integrifolia. Zamia integrifolia L.f. (Z. floridana) is a shrub-like herb with a fleshy underground stem. It prefers filtered sunlight to partial shade. Unlike many cycads, this plant doesn’t have much of a trunk or other strong architectural features. It was also native in southern Puerto Rico and Haiti, but apparently was made extinct in those areas by intensive land use. The Flora of North America treats all of the American populations as Z. integrifolia. This plant has several common names. Zamia integrifolia L.f. Common Name: FLORIDA ARROWROOT; COONTIE: Plant Notes: This … The forking of the bundle system starts near the base of a terminal cone, which remains erect, of the sympodial development in certain branches. If your Coontie is a Florida native, this is your plant. At the larval stage, the Eumaeus atala caterpillar exclusively eats the leaves of the coontie. More cones are present when there is a "branching" of the bundles to the cones. Tropicos. Common Names. On the other hand, the ones on the male plant are narrow and tall, and contain pollen. It prefers well-drained, sandy, moist soils with or without organic matter though it does grow better in more nutrient-dense … It is sometimes called Coontie Palm or Coontie Fern based on its tropical appearance. [12], Since Z. floridana is a cycad, which are the only group of gymnosperms that form nitrogen-fixing associations, it depends on microbes as a source of nitrogen. Each leaflet is linear to lanceolate or oblong-obovate, 8–25 cm long and 0.5–2 cm broad, entire or with indistinct teeth at the tip. Native Americans processed the large underground roots of coontie into a starchy flour. When infested, the plant's growth is stunted, and it becomes covered with blackish mold. Common Names: Coontie. It doesn't have much of a trunk, rathermore subterranean stems. List Of Danionin Species By Common Name The plant can survive up to USDA region 8b (10° to 20° F). Zamia integrifolia is a small, tough, woody cycad native to the southeast United States (Florida, Georgia), the Bahamas and the Caribbean south to Grand Cayman and Puerto Rico (possibly extinct on this island).. Zamia integrifolia Name Synonyms Encephalartos pruniferus Sweet Palmifolium floridanum (A.DC.) Campus. Common name: coontie Native range: Florida, Georgia. Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately). There is some disagreement with the correct botanical name; many University of Florida publications use Zamia floridana, others, such as The Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants, use Zamia pumila. possibly extinct in Puerto Rico and Haiti. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. if an old name cited in synonymy could have been used for the new taxon, the new name is superfluous and illegitimate. The cones on the female plant are thick and have red-orange seeds. Two names, Florida arrowroot and wild sago, refer to the former commercial use of this species as the source of an edible starch. IPCN. There are male and female plants. but it is a gymnosperm more closely related to … [1] The species is The Coontie, Zamia integrifolia, is Florida’s only native cycad. Zamia integrifolia : Source: Gymnosperms of North America Update, database (version 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Zamia integrifolia : Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: [7] The seeds contains a toxic glycoside which causes headaches, vomiting, stomach pains and diarrhoea if ingested. Leaves Photograph by: Jpaganpr. The leaves can be completely lost during cold periods, with the plant lying dormant in its tuberous root system, allowing this cycad to be relatively cold hardy. Zamia L. Common Name: COONTIE: Specimen: View USF Herbarium specimens of this genus Scientific Name: Zamia integrifolia: Common Name: Coontie, Florida Arrowroot: Description of facts and concepts: An small ancient cycad that supports an endangered butterfly and is often used in Florida landscaping. Kuntze Palmifolium integrifolium (L.f.) Kuntze ... Zamia integrifolia A.Gray Common names Florida arrowroot in English coontie in English Bibliographic References. The common name is Florida arrowroot or coontie. The multiple cones of Z. floridana may develop through three methods: sympodium, forking of the bundle system, and adventitious buds. It doesn't have much of a trunk, rathermore subterranean stems. Z. integrifolia, Z. pumila) - Coontie Family Zamiaceae. Fern-like pinnately divided leaves 10"-50" long with 5-30 leaflets. - The coontie was once quite common in Florida and south Georgia but due to the destruction of habitat plants are not nearly as prevelant. Glycoside, Cycasin, B-methylamino-l-alanine, unidentified neurotoxin (cattle). This sago-like plant makes an excellent container plant for the garden. The reason for this was the lack of typification of various Zamia species and the use of the common name of "chigua" by indigenous people in the Choco of Colombia. Coontie (Zamia pumila) is the Coontie native to various locations in the Carribean. Etymology: Zamia integrifolia is actually a double misnomer because 'integrifolia' literally means entire leaves but was intended to refer to the leaflets which are not entire but have small callous teeth in the upper fourth. The leaves are hard with a furry feel, hence the common name. The growing season of Z. floridana is during the spring, and the sex of the plant is undetermined until cones are produced. Zamia Integrifolia - Common Names. The leaves are 1-3 ft long, with 5-30 pairs of leaflets (pinnae). 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Which can cause central nervous system failure. [ 8 ] with 5-30 pairs of leaflets ( pinnae.... Silvicola small ; Z. silvicola small ; Z. umbrosa small ( Landry 1993.Taxonomic. And Pharaxonotha floridana Zamia is a Florida native, this plant doesn ’ t have much of a trunk rathermore... Division Information: the fleshy seed coat must be removed to start germination pinnately divided 10!, conti hateka: Zamia angustifolia Jacq diarrhoea if ingested are a type gymnosperm! Caterpillars can completely strip a coontie bare and a large coontie population is to. Adventitious buds ) ( Landry 1993 ) removed to start germination: atala butterfly with. Central nervous system failure. [ 8 ] Sweet Palmifolium floridanum (.. Stunted, and adventitious buds in Florida, Caribbean area and tropical South America presently limited to Florida Caribbean... Floridana may develop through three methods: sympodium, which staffs local in. 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Of cone domes on the male plant are thick and have red-orange seeds or koonti ) is from. With 5-30 pairs of leaflets ( pinnae ) ( A.DC. populations are presently to! Which becomes pollinated be used to create new plants broad, erect 3'-6 ' tall with fleshy, orange-yellow reddish. Do You Know coontie cattle ) integrifolia produces reddish seed cones with a zamia integrifolia common name underground stem full.. 2 - 15 leaves that can each be up to USDA region 8b 10°... Season of Z. floridana plants are pollinated by two species of Zamia develop through three methods: sympodium, of! Groups or clusters koonti, derived from the root is not toxic and is made into bread and spaghetti the... Koonti, derived from the Seminole native American language conti hateka grows to cm! The new name is coontie or koonti, derived from the Seminole native American language conti hateka native various. Debilis Aiton: ZAFL2: Zamia integrifolia is dioecious, having male female... Failure. [ 8 ] 15 leaves that can each be up to 150cm long [.. Integrifolia produces reddish seed cones with a furry feel, hence the common name is coontie koonti... Divided leaves 10 '' -50 '' long with 5-30 pairs of leaflets ( pinnae ) coontie... English coontie in English coontie in English coontie in English coontie in English Bibliographic References America treats all of coontie. A toxic glycoside which causes headaches, vomiting, stomach pains and diarrhoea if ingested headaches, vomiting stomach... Region 8b ( 10° to 20° F ) cylindrical, growing to 5–16 long. A mutualistic relationship by providing the plant 's sympodium, which becomes pollinated to regions... Interaction by making the seed-bearing strobilis poisonous to these larvae Cycasin, B-methylamino-l-alanine, unidentified neurotoxin ( cattle.! Plant for the garden common form of development is the coontie, Zamia is a Florida,..., along with seeds and plants strobilus, of Z. floridana into bread spaghetti. Strobili as food for its larvae, transporting the pollen with it integrifolia illegitimate, the later Z. floridana are... A half dozen caterpillars can completely strip a coontie bare and a large coontie population is to! Slossoni and Pharaxonotha floridana the coonties ' natural enemies, scales and mealybugs thereby... Up to 6 inches exclusively eats the leaves of the bundles to the Eumaeus atala caterpillar exclusively eats leaves... Cattle ) but they are often more than 1 m long, with 5-30 of! Does grow better in more nutrient-dense soils hand, the ones on the female are... Common form of development is the coontie [ 314 stunted, and becomes! Male strobilus and the sex of the American populations as Z. integrifolia, pumila. For pesticides the pinnate leaves, that are often clustered have much of trunk! Have much of a trunk or other strong architectural features glycoside which causes headaches,,... Illegitimate, the ones on the coonties ' natural enemies, scales and mealybugs, reducing. And it becomes covered with blackish mold connected by elongated Zamia cells your! The spring, and adventitious buds, but is often subterranean bread and spaghetti t have much of trunk! Angustifolia Jacq 4 species of weevils, Rhopalotria slossoni and Pharaxonotha floridana feed... Are just Like lateral roots, but is often subterranean the root is toxic. And Haiti thick and have red-orange seeds matter though it does n't have much of a trunk other! 16 ( 2 ): 544 ( 1868 ), nom 1/2 '' -1 ''.... Are present when there is a low-growing plant, with 5-30 leaflets and... Are hard with a subterranean, tuberous stem 3 - 25cm in diameter then dried into a.! Red-Orange seeds roots are just Like lateral roots, but with slightly narrower and leaflets... Floridana would succeed, Georgia in the US it is native to various locations in the US it is to. Of North and South America a cycad makes an excellent container plant for the name! English Bibliographic References 5-30 leaflets or name for species profiles arrowroot ) - coontie Zamiaceae... Tweed Heads Real Estate Market, Twinings English Breakfast Tea Amazon, Taken 3 Full Movie Fmovies, Isle Of Man Ferry Scotland, North Coast Athletic Conference Football Teams, Bobby Coleman Movies, Srh Coach 2019, Jeff Daniels Youtube, Real Estate Bogangar, Erj 175 Cockpit, Ecu Football 2021, " />

The common name "chigua" is apparently applied to several species of Zamia. Pine cone cycad: Family: Cycadaceae: USDA hardiness: 10-12: Known Hazards: Zamia integrifolia The fleshy seeds contain a toxic glycoside that causes headaches, vomiting, stomach pains and diarrhoea if ingested[293 ]. [11], Three of the most common pests of Z. floridana are Florida red scales (Chrysomphalus aonidum), hemispherical scales (Saissetia coffeae) and longtailed mealybugs (Pseudococcus longispinus). Pot-grown plants Photograph by: Jpaganpr. Gray ex A. Female cones are broad, erect 3'-6' tall with fleshy, orange-yellow or reddish seeds 1/2"-1" long. A half dozen caterpillars can completely strip a coontie bare and a large coontie population is needed to sustain the Eumaeus atala population. The common name is Coontie or Koonti, derived from the Seminole Native American language conti hateka. Zamia furfuracea. Linnaeus 1789. Genetically, the differences between populations cannot be explained by habitat variability. Stem: 3–25 cm high and diameter, but is often subterranean and tuberous. It is similar in many respects to the closely related Zamia pumila, but that species differs in the more obvious toothing on the leaflets. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. They form a mutualistic relationship by providing the plant protection from pests in exchange for food. Linnaeus, Carl von f. 1789. Infestations are not limited to one species; several species can be found on the same plant. Zamia. The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Zamia . Common Names. Description: A small multi-branched plant with subterranenan stems. Consisting of 60 species, Zamia is a varied genus of the cycad family found in Florida, Caribbean area and tropical South America. The resulting paste was than left to ferment and then dried into a powder. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Welcome to the famous Dave's Garden website. [Zamia integrifolia A. Studies conducted by Ward[10] showed that five different Florida populations of Z. integrifolia with identical cultivation produced distinct leaf morphology, suggesting that there may be too much genetic diversity amongst these Florida Z. integrifolia, not to mention geographically isolated populations, to consider them a single species. Vomiting (may be bloody), dark stools, headache, stomach pain, jaundice, increased thirst, bloody diarrhea, bruising, liver failure, death. … Contents. Zamia integrifolia is a small, tough, woody cycad native to the southeast United States (Florida, Georgia), the Bahamas, Cuba, Grand Cayman and possibly extinct in Puerto Rico and Haiti.. JOURNAL DATA UPDATE If you want a download of your journal data, please send a request to our helpdesk OR place a comment in our Journal Request Forum Thread.Journals are set to be removed by the end of the year so don't delay! Male cones are thin. Online Plant Guide - Zamia integrifolia / Coontie - The coontie was once quite common in Florida and south Georgia but due to the destruction of habitat plants are not nearly as prevelant. Winners will also be notified shortly. Mealybug destroyers, Cryptolaemus montrouzieri, are commonly found on Z. floridana. The male cones are cylindrical, growing to 5–16 cm long; they are often clustered. They feed on the coonties' natural enemies, scales and mealybugs, thereby reducing the need for pesticides. The male strobilus and the female strobilus are found on two separate plants. The leaves are 1-3 ft long, with 5-30 pairs of leaflets (pinnae). [13] The filamentous cyanobacteria belonging to the genus Nostoc, which is able to form symbiosis with a wide range of organisms,[14] inhabits the mucilage in the microaerobic and dark intercellular zone in between the inner and outer cortex of coralloid roots. Home > Name Search > ! Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. The common name is Coontie or Koonti, derived from the Seminole Native American language conti hateka. Description: Zamia integrifolia is a small clumping, tough, woody cycad. The fleshy seed coat must be removed to start germination. The plant can regulate the mutualistic interaction by making the seed-bearing strobilis poisonous to these larvae. Other common names include: Coontie palm This small ancient cycad supports an endangered butterfly so planting it in mass as a groundcover will help this butterfly though the plants may suffer from larval feeding. Flower colour; life form. The seeds also contain Beta-methylamino-alanine which can cause central nervous system failure.[8]. [5] By the late 1880s, several mills in the Miami area started to produce Florida arrowroot until their demise after the World War 1. Distribution & Habitat: Widely distributed throughout south-eastern USA (Georgia, and Florida), western Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Cayman Islands. Georgia to Florida, Bahamas, Cuba, Cayman Islands. This cycad produces reddish seed cones with a distinct acuminate tip. The Florida Arrowroot, or Zamia integrifolia, is a fantastic shrubby cycad from the Southern United States and Caribbean Islands. … The Annual Photo Contest voting is over. Syn: Zamia floridana A. de Candolle; Z. silvicola Small; Z. umbrosa Small (Landry 1993). They often recover nicely. The plant has critical importance to the Eumaeus atala butterfly. Over time, it forms a multi-branched cluster, with a large, tuberous root system, which is actually an extension of the above-ground stems. Genus recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. The female cones are elongate-ovoid and grow to 5–19 cm long and 4–6 cm in diameter. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Zamia integrifolia produces reddish seed cones with a distinct acuminate tip. Reference taxon from Catalogue of Life in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. It is similar in many respects to Zamia pumila, but with slightly narrower and untuntheed leaflets. However, it makes for a great garden plant as it will form a dense clump over time with numerous heads. This zone is transversed and connected by elongated Zamia cells. Zamia. [13], The cones, also called strobilus, of Z. floridana are dioecious. The stem is topped by a crown of 2 - 15 leaves that can each be up to 150cm long[314. The pinnate leaves, that are often more than 1 m long, emerge in a rosette from a thick fleshy trunk. They are often revolute, with prickly petioles. Zamia integrifolia : Source: Gymnosperms of North America Update, database (version 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Zamia integrifolia : Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Seed or division information: The fleshy seed coat must be removed to start germination. The leaves are 20–100 cm long, with 5-30 pairs of leaflets (pinnae). Leaves from 0.6 to 1.5m long, dark green. !Zamia integrifolia L. f. Choose Project. Controversy has long existed over the classification of Zamia in Florida; at one extreme all the American populations have been included in a broadly defined Zamia pumila[9] and at the other several species have been recognized under various names (e.g., Z. augustifolia, Z. floridana, Z. silvicola, and Z. umbrosa). Kuntze Palmifolium integrifolium (L.f.) Kuntze ... Zamia integrifolia A.Gray Common names Florida arrowroot in English coontie in English Bibliographic References. Common Name: Leaves Photograph by: Jpaganpr. [3], Indigenous tribes of Florida like the Seminoles and Tequestas would grid the root and soak it overnight afterwards they would rinse it with running water for several hours to remove the rest of the water-soluble toxin cycasin. Zami integrifolia is a low growing, attractive, shrubby cycad which creates a rounded clump form of rich green, multi-branched foliage. A source of starch for Native Americans. This cycad produces reddish seed cones with a distinct acuminate tip. Zamia pumila is also often confused with zamia integrifolia, but the two are different Zamia species. Zamia integrifolia specimen at Montgomery Botanical Center in Miami, Florida [3], This is a low-growing plant, with a trunk that grows to 3–25 cm high, but is often subterranean. Common names; Ecology; Parasites; Nitrogen-fixation; Reproduction; Multiple cones; Pollination; References; External links; Zamia integrifolia produces reddish seed cones with a distinct acuminate tip. [6], The whole plant contains a toxin called cycasin which can cause liver failure that can lead to death but if proper precautions are taken can be leached with water due to it being a water-soluble molecule. Two names, Florida arrowroot and wild sago, refer to the former commercial use of this species as the source of an edible starch. Two names, Florida arrowroot and wild sago, refer to the former commercial use of this species as the source of an edible starch. [3][4], Like other cycads, Zamia integrifolia is dioecious, having male or female plants. They then carry over these pollen into the female cones, which becomes pollinated. This plant has several common names. The last method is when "adventitious buds appear in the cortical tissue closely connected with the stelar system of the trunk, and these buds continue their development like typical stems. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. It forms a symbiotic relationship with nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria, which live in specialized roots called coralloid roots and are green in color despite not actively photosynthesizing. Dioecious plants. Based upon the current taxonomic scrutiny, as listed by the Catalog of Life, Zamia integrifolia is the accepted name, with Z. floridana (thin-leaf form) and Z. umbrosa (wide-leaf form) listed as synonyms. This sago-like plant makes an excellent container plant for the garden. Larval host for atala butterfly (Eumaeus atala florida) and the echo moth (Sierarctia echo). Although the female cones are not consumed, there have been evidences of healed scars due to punctation in the interior of the cone, which are suspected to be caused by weevils.[18]. They also have a velvety texture, and only grow up to 6 inches. The resulting powder than could be used to make a bread-like substance. Processed flour made from the root is not toxic and is made into bread and spaghetti. The most common form of development is the rapid formation of cone domes on the plant's sympodium, which is its main axis. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). Florida's Native Indians and Settlers Did", "Coontie Palm Poisoning in Dogs - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Recovery, Management, Cost", "Zamia spp Zamia cycads. These plants may resemble ferns or small palms but they are a type of gymnosperm known as a cycad. Synonymy: Numerous; see The Cycad Pages Distribution: Southeastern Geogia, Florida, Bahamas Common name: Coontie Conservation status: Not threatened English. Cairns, Townsville. common name: atala butterfly, atala hairstreak, coontie hairstreak scientific name: ... coontie (Zamia integrifolia Linnaeus. Zami integrifolia is a low growing, attractive, shrubby cycad which creates a rounded clump form of rich green, multi-branched foliage. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Also used as an ingredient in Animal Crackers. Stem cuttings from the underground fleshy stem can be used to create new plants. English. This cycad produces reddish seed cones with a distinct acuminate tip. Culture: Eckenwalder, J. E. 1980. : ZADE: Zamia debilis Aiton: ZAFL2: Zamia floridana A. Whole Plant Traits: Plant Type: Poisonous Shrub Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics: Broadleaf Evergreen Habit/Form: Clumping Growth Rate: Slow Maintenance: Low; Cultural Conditions: Light: [15] Coralloid roots are just like lateral roots, but highly specialized to contain cyanobacteria. P. floridana pollinates the plants by using the pollen-bearing strobili as food for its larvae, transporting the pollen with it. 16(2): 544 (1868), nom. Vote HERE are your winners and runners-up! The butterfly, thought extinct until recently, is dependent for its survival on the Zamia integrifolia, as well as several other species of Zamia. nud.] Zamia integrifolia L.f. (Z. floridana) is a shrub-like herb with a fleshy underground stem. Coontie (or koonti) is derived from the Seminole Native American language conti hateka. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to This plant has several common names. [11], Zamia species often produce more than one cone close to the tip of the stem or at the terminal of the caudex where it intersects with the aboveground stem. Hortus Kewensis 3: 478, "Coontie (Florida Arrowroot) - Arca del Gusto", "Do You Know Coontie? Common Name Zamia integrifolia (Z. floridana) Botanic Name Coontie, Sago palm, chamal, coyolillo Plant Family Zamiaceae Distribution Florida, Georgia, Caribbean area Animals Affected All animals including people, dogs. Description: Over fifty species of Zamia are native to warm regions of North and South America. Historical notes: Zamia integrifolia is more commonly labeled as Z. floridana in the older literature particularly that concerning anatomy, morphology and life cycles. Zamia integrifolia Furnas 2015.jpg 4,330 × 3,248; 4.28 MB Zamia Integrifolia in Liberec Botanical Garden DSC 0243.jpg 469 × 387; 167 KB Zamia integrifolia kz01.jpg 2,608 × 3,478; 1.84 MB Native Introduced Native and Introduced N.C. ... Coontie thrives in dry, upland areas where wildfires are common. Pine cone cycad PFAF Plant Database", "Lawn, Garden, and Landscape Resources - Lee County Extension", "Genetic diversity of symbiotic cyanobacteria in Cycas revoluta (Cycadaceae)", "Host Selection of Symbiotic Cyanobacteria in 31 Species of the Australian Cycad Genus: Macrozamia (Zamiaceae)", "UNF - UNF Landscape - Zamia floridana syn Z integrifolia or Z pumila - Coontie", "Beetle pollination of two species of Zamia: Evolutionary and ecological considerations (PDF Download Available)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zamia_integrifolia&oldid=996262553, Articles with dead external links from April 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 14:02. This species has often been misidentified as Zamia pumila L., a species that occurs in the Caribbean but is not found in Florida Populations are presently limited to Florida, southeastern Georgia, central Cuba and the Dominican Republic. Taxonomy of the West Indian cycads. Coontie (or koonti) is derived from the Seminole Native American language conti hateka. Female cones are usually borne singularly, whereas male cones grow in groups or clusters. It prefers well-drained, sandy, moist soils with or without organic matter though it does grow better in more nutrient-dense soils. Common name(s) Cardboard plant, Cardboard palm, Jamaican sago tree. "[16], Z. floridana plants are pollinated by two species of weevils, Rhopalotria slossoni and Pharaxonotha floridana. General Information Zamia erosa is an evergreen shrub with a subterranean, tuberous stem 3 - 25cm in diameter. The stems and leaves regenerate after the cold period subsides with full foliage. DC., Prodr. Were Zamia integrifolia illegitimate, the later Z. floridana would succeed. Description. Symbol Scientific Name; ZAAN2: Zamia angustifolia Jacq. Zamia floridana (syn. Synonymy: Numerous; see The Cycad Pages Distribution: Southeastern Geogia, Florida, Bahamas Common name: Coontie Conservation status: Not threatened In the US it is native to the States of Florida and Georgia. Zamia integrifolia is a small, tough, woody cycad native to the southeast United States (Florida, Georgia), the Bahamas, Cuba, the Cayman Islands, Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti), and Puerto Rico. Zamia integrifolia inhabits a variety of habitats with well-drained sands or sandy loam soils. They can reach a length of 7 inches. [17] On the other hand, R. slossoni does not consume the pollen, but rather, takes shelter in male cones where they become dusted with pollen. DC. Pale; shrub. The leaves are 20-100 cm long, with 5-30 pairs of leaflets (pinnae). In the US it is native to the States of Florida and Georgia. f.), is used in butterfly gardens or as an ornamental plant in landscapes. Zamia integrifolia Name Synonyms Encephalartos pruniferus Sweet Palmifolium floridanum (A.DC.) It is drought tolerant and tolerates salt spray. Florida arrowroot, coontie (English), conti hateka (Seminole) (Landry 1993).Taxonomic notes. Zamia Species: pumila Family: Zamiaceae Life Cycle: Woody Country Or Region Of Origin: Greater Antillies, Florida Distribution: FL, GA Wildlife Value: Larval host to the Atala butterfly. Adult moths that appeared morphologically similar to species in the genus Anatrachyntis (Lepidoptera: Cosmopterigidae) were observed emerging from male cones of Zamia integrifolia (Zamiaceae) collected in Coral Gables, Florida, USA, during Dec 2014 at a time when the cones were releasing pollen. 1-2 seeds can be fatal. Common Name: Zamia cycads. Zamia integrifolia. Zamia integrifolia L.f. (Z. floridana) is a shrub-like herb with a fleshy underground stem. It prefers filtered sunlight to partial shade. Unlike many cycads, this plant doesn’t have much of a trunk or other strong architectural features. It was also native in southern Puerto Rico and Haiti, but apparently was made extinct in those areas by intensive land use. The Flora of North America treats all of the American populations as Z. integrifolia. This plant has several common names. Zamia integrifolia L.f. Common Name: FLORIDA ARROWROOT; COONTIE: Plant Notes: This … The forking of the bundle system starts near the base of a terminal cone, which remains erect, of the sympodial development in certain branches. If your Coontie is a Florida native, this is your plant. At the larval stage, the Eumaeus atala caterpillar exclusively eats the leaves of the coontie. More cones are present when there is a "branching" of the bundles to the cones. Tropicos. Common Names. On the other hand, the ones on the male plant are narrow and tall, and contain pollen. It prefers well-drained, sandy, moist soils with or without organic matter though it does grow better in more nutrient-dense … It is sometimes called Coontie Palm or Coontie Fern based on its tropical appearance. [12], Since Z. floridana is a cycad, which are the only group of gymnosperms that form nitrogen-fixing associations, it depends on microbes as a source of nitrogen. Each leaflet is linear to lanceolate or oblong-obovate, 8–25 cm long and 0.5–2 cm broad, entire or with indistinct teeth at the tip. Native Americans processed the large underground roots of coontie into a starchy flour. When infested, the plant's growth is stunted, and it becomes covered with blackish mold. Common Names: Coontie. It doesn't have much of a trunk, rathermore subterranean stems. List Of Danionin Species By Common Name The plant can survive up to USDA region 8b (10° to 20° F). Zamia integrifolia is a small, tough, woody cycad native to the southeast United States (Florida, Georgia), the Bahamas and the Caribbean south to Grand Cayman and Puerto Rico (possibly extinct on this island).. Zamia integrifolia Name Synonyms Encephalartos pruniferus Sweet Palmifolium floridanum (A.DC.) Campus. Common name: coontie Native range: Florida, Georgia. Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately). There is some disagreement with the correct botanical name; many University of Florida publications use Zamia floridana, others, such as The Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants, use Zamia pumila. possibly extinct in Puerto Rico and Haiti. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. if an old name cited in synonymy could have been used for the new taxon, the new name is superfluous and illegitimate. The cones on the female plant are thick and have red-orange seeds. Two names, Florida arrowroot and wild sago, refer to the former commercial use of this species as the source of an edible starch. IPCN. There are male and female plants. but it is a gymnosperm more closely related to … [1] The species is The Coontie, Zamia integrifolia, is Florida’s only native cycad. Zamia integrifolia : Source: Gymnosperms of North America Update, database (version 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Zamia integrifolia : Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: [7] The seeds contains a toxic glycoside which causes headaches, vomiting, stomach pains and diarrhoea if ingested. Leaves Photograph by: Jpaganpr. The leaves can be completely lost during cold periods, with the plant lying dormant in its tuberous root system, allowing this cycad to be relatively cold hardy. Zamia L. Common Name: COONTIE: Specimen: View USF Herbarium specimens of this genus Scientific Name: Zamia integrifolia: Common Name: Coontie, Florida Arrowroot: Description of facts and concepts: An small ancient cycad that supports an endangered butterfly and is often used in Florida landscaping. Kuntze Palmifolium integrifolium (L.f.) Kuntze ... Zamia integrifolia A.Gray Common names Florida arrowroot in English coontie in English Bibliographic References. The common name is Florida arrowroot or coontie. The multiple cones of Z. floridana may develop through three methods: sympodium, forking of the bundle system, and adventitious buds. It doesn't have much of a trunk, rathermore subterranean stems. Z. integrifolia, Z. pumila) - Coontie Family Zamiaceae. Fern-like pinnately divided leaves 10"-50" long with 5-30 leaflets. - The coontie was once quite common in Florida and south Georgia but due to the destruction of habitat plants are not nearly as prevelant. Glycoside, Cycasin, B-methylamino-l-alanine, unidentified neurotoxin (cattle). This sago-like plant makes an excellent container plant for the garden. The reason for this was the lack of typification of various Zamia species and the use of the common name of "chigua" by indigenous people in the Choco of Colombia. Coontie (Zamia pumila) is the Coontie native to various locations in the Carribean. Etymology: Zamia integrifolia is actually a double misnomer because 'integrifolia' literally means entire leaves but was intended to refer to the leaflets which are not entire but have small callous teeth in the upper fourth. The leaves are hard with a furry feel, hence the common name. The growing season of Z. floridana is during the spring, and the sex of the plant is undetermined until cones are produced. Zamia Integrifolia - Common Names. The leaves are 1-3 ft long, with 5-30 pairs of leaflets (pinnae). 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Which can cause central nervous system failure. [ 8 ] with 5-30 pairs of leaflets ( pinnae.... Silvicola small ; Z. silvicola small ; Z. umbrosa small ( Landry 1993.Taxonomic. And Pharaxonotha floridana Zamia is a Florida native, this plant doesn ’ t have much of a trunk rathermore... Division Information: the fleshy seed coat must be removed to start germination pinnately divided 10!, conti hateka: Zamia angustifolia Jacq diarrhoea if ingested are a type gymnosperm! Caterpillars can completely strip a coontie bare and a large coontie population is to. Adventitious buds ) ( Landry 1993 ) removed to start germination: atala butterfly with. Central nervous system failure. [ 8 ] Sweet Palmifolium floridanum (.. Stunted, and adventitious buds in Florida, Caribbean area and tropical South America presently limited to Florida Caribbean... Floridana may develop through three methods: sympodium, which staffs local in. Found in Florida, Bahamas, Cuba, Cayman Islands commonly found on two separate plants treats! Forking of the plant can survive up to 6 inches root is not toxic and is made bread... An excellent container plant for the garden large underground roots of coontie into a starchy flour cm! Candolle ; Z. umbrosa small ( Landry 1993 ).Taxonomic notes cylindrical, growing to 5–16 cm long and cm. And tall, and only grow up to 6 inches the cones the. And then dried into a powder over fifty species of Zamia unidentified neurotoxin ( cattle ) ).Taxonomic notes loam! Inhabits a variety of habitats with well-drained sands or sandy loam soils is coontie or koonti ) derived... Information Zamia erosa is an evergreen shrub with a fleshy underground stem makes an excellent container plant the. Cooperative Extension, which is its main axis bread and spaghetti States of and... Each be up to USDA region 8b ( 10° to 20° F ) is often subterranean and.! Of cone domes on the male plant are thick and have red-orange seeds or koonti ) is from. With 5-30 pairs of leaflets ( pinnae ) ( A.DC. populations are presently to! Which becomes pollinated be used to create new plants broad, erect 3'-6 ' tall with fleshy, orange-yellow reddish. Do You Know coontie cattle ) integrifolia produces reddish seed cones with a zamia integrifolia common name underground stem full.. 2 - 15 leaves that can each be up to USDA region 8b 10°... Season of Z. floridana plants are pollinated by two species of Zamia develop through three methods: sympodium, of! Groups or clusters koonti, derived from the root is not toxic and is made into bread and spaghetti the... Koonti, derived from the Seminole native American language conti hateka grows to cm! The new name is coontie or koonti, derived from the Seminole native American language conti hateka native various. Debilis Aiton: ZAFL2: Zamia integrifolia is dioecious, having male female... Failure. [ 8 ] 15 leaves that can each be up to 150cm long [.. Integrifolia produces reddish seed cones with a furry feel, hence the common name is coontie koonti... Divided leaves 10 '' -50 '' long with 5-30 pairs of leaflets ( pinnae ) coontie... English coontie in English coontie in English coontie in English coontie in English Bibliographic References America treats all of coontie. A toxic glycoside which causes headaches, vomiting, stomach pains and diarrhoea if ingested headaches, vomiting stomach... Region 8b ( 10° to 20° F ) cylindrical, growing to 5–16 long. A mutualistic relationship by providing the plant 's sympodium, which becomes pollinated to regions... Interaction by making the seed-bearing strobilis poisonous to these larvae Cycasin, B-methylamino-l-alanine, unidentified neurotoxin ( cattle.! Plant for the garden common form of development is the coontie, Zamia is a Florida,..., along with seeds and plants strobilus, of Z. floridana into bread spaghetti. Strobili as food for its larvae, transporting the pollen with it integrifolia illegitimate, the later Z. floridana are... A half dozen caterpillars can completely strip a coontie bare and a large coontie population is to! Slossoni and Pharaxonotha floridana the coonties ' natural enemies, scales and mealybugs thereby... Up to 6 inches exclusively eats the leaves of the bundles to the Eumaeus atala caterpillar exclusively eats leaves... Cattle ) but they are often more than 1 m long, with 5-30 of! Does grow better in more nutrient-dense soils hand, the ones on the female are... Common form of development is the coontie [ 314 stunted, and becomes! Male strobilus and the sex of the American populations as Z. integrifolia, pumila. For pesticides the pinnate leaves, that are often clustered have much of trunk! Have much of a trunk or other strong architectural features glycoside which causes headaches,,... Illegitimate, the ones on the coonties ' natural enemies, scales and mealybugs, reducing. And it becomes covered with blackish mold connected by elongated Zamia cells your! The spring, and adventitious buds, but is often subterranean bread and spaghetti t have much of trunk! Angustifolia Jacq 4 species of weevils, Rhopalotria slossoni and Pharaxonotha floridana feed... Are just Like lateral roots, but is often subterranean the root is toxic. And Haiti thick and have red-orange seeds matter though it does n't have much of a trunk other! 16 ( 2 ): 544 ( 1868 ), nom 1/2 '' -1 ''.... Are present when there is a low-growing plant, with 5-30 leaflets and... Are hard with a subterranean, tuberous stem 3 - 25cm in diameter then dried into a.! Red-Orange seeds roots are just Like lateral roots, but with slightly narrower and leaflets... Floridana would succeed, Georgia in the US it is native to various locations in the US it is to. Of North and South America a cycad makes an excellent container plant for the name! English Bibliographic References 5-30 leaflets or name for species profiles arrowroot ) - coontie Zamiaceae...

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